Open Handset Alliance
Written inJava (UI), C (core), C++ and more
OS familyUnix-like(Modified Linux kernel)
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source (most devices include proprietary components, such as Google Play)
Initial releaseSeptember 23, 2008; 10 years ago
Latest release9.0 “Pie” / August 6, 2018; 2 months ago
Latest previewAndroid P / July 25, 2018; 2 months ago
Marketing targetSmartphones, tablet computers, smartTVs (Android TV), Android Auto and smartwatches (Wear OS)
Available in100+ languages
Package managerAPK (primarily through Google Play; installation of APKs also possible locally or from alternative sources such as F-Droid)
Platforms32- and 64-bit ARM, x86 and x86-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (modified Linux kernel)
UserlandBionic libc, mksh shell, Toybox as core utilities beginning with Android 6.0, previously native core utilities with a few from NetBSD
Default user interfaceGraphical (multi-touch)
LicenseApache License 2.0
GNU GPL v2 for the Linux kernel modifications